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Objects stored in Google Cloud Storage are grouped into buckets. Buckets are containers within the cloud that can be assigned to storage classes individually. Google Cloud Storage offers three storage classes with varying latency and price: Standard, Durable Reduced Availability (DRA) and Nearline.
- Standard storage class has the highest performance and availability of the three tiers and is best used for frequently-accessed data that requires low latency. It is priced at .026 cents per gigabyte per month.
- DRA storage class has a higher latency and lower availability than the Standard option, at a lower price. It is most often used for objects that are able to experience some unavailability, such as certain types of backup. DRA storage is priced at .02 cents per gigabyte per month.
- Nearline storage class has the highest latency of the three options, at the lowest price. According to Google, it is best used as a backup for disaster recovery, with data that is accessed no more than once a month. Google Nearline storage is priced at .01 cents per gigabyte per month.